What is the best weather for producing syrup?
Warm, sunny days with a temperature around 40 degrees F and nights around 25 degrees F are perfect for sap flow.

How much syrup comes from the maple sap?

On average, the ratio is 40:1 (40 gallons of sap to 1 gallon of syrup).

What is the sugar content?
The sugar content of the sap is 2.5%, compared to the sugar content of the final syrup product which is 66.5%

How much does a tree yield per year?

On average, each tree produces 15 gallons of sap per year.

How long does the maple syrup season last?

It typically lasts 4 to 6 weeks, usually beginning at the end of March or early April depending on the weather.

How large is the maple tree?
A tree is around 10-12 inches in diameter measured 4 feet above the ground and is around 40 years old.

How much does a gallon of maple syrup weigh?
One gallon of maple syrup weighs 11 pounds.

How many taps can be on a single tree?
A tree between 10 and 17 inches in diameter can have 1 tap.  A tree between 18 and 24 inches can have 2 taps.  A tree larger than 25 inches in diameter should not have more than 3 taps.

Where does the sugar come from?
Sugar is produced in the leaves during photosynthesis.  It is transported into the wood and stored during the winter, mostly in the form of carbohydrates.  It is then converted to sucrose and dissolved in the sap.

What makes the sap rise?

During warm periods when temperatures rise higher than freezing, pressure develops in the tree.  This pressure causes the sap to flow out fo the tree through a wound of tap hole.  During cooler periods when the temperatures fall below freezing, suction develops drawing water into the tree.  This replenishes the sap in the tree, allowing it to flow again during the next warm period.

Is there anything added to the final product?

There is no aritificial coloring, flavoring, preservatives or additives.

© Cummings Maple Acres  2013